SharePoint Online and OneDrive Multi-Geo to control where your data resides


– Coming up, I will introduce you to
Multi-Geo capabilities in Office 365 SharePoint Online, now generally available. This allows you to configure where SharePoint’s site data is stored and where individual users’
OneDrive files reside. And if you’re already
using Office 365 Multi-Geo, I will show you how to do content moves and point you to some
updates along the way. Multi-Geo in Office 365 is all about controlling data residency in regions or countries of your choice. In SharePoint on-premises
Multi-Geo deployments typically setting up
sharing, search, taxonomy and profile services, is an extensive and
resource-intensive undertaking. To solve this, you may have
set up separate data centers to meet your local data residency needs, which results in data silos
and limited collaboration. With Office 365 Multi-Geo capabilities for SharePoint Online, we help you work as one organization with simple setup and management
of where your data resides, while controlling how your
data is shared and searched. In the last Mechanics episode, I showed you how easy it is, to extend your Office
365 tenant to Multi-Geo for OneDrive and Mailbox experiences. Today, we look at how easy it is to set up Multi-Geo capabilities
for SharePoint Online in the satellite locations you care about. Since March 27, 2019, any new satellite
locations that you create will have SharePoint
capabilities enabled by default. Here I am in a Multi-Geo tenant, in the SharePoint Admin Center. As you can see in this global map, this Multi-Geo tenant is already extended to North America, Canada, Europe, Japan, and Australia. Let’s say, for example, my
business needs have evolved. And we need a subsidiary in France. I can add a Geo location for France by simply clicking Add location. Select France. Next in the domain field, I have chosen our company name. Followed by an abbreviation of
the satellite location name: ContosoEnergyFRA. This will be the SharePoint root URL for my new Geo and all sites created in France will land under this root URL. One caveat here: If you have satellite locations set up before March 27, 2019, you will need to use the
SharePoint Powershell cmdlet ‘Set-SPOMultiGeoExperience’ to enable SharePoint capabilities,
in those Geo locations. Optionally, if you want
to confirm the success of the setup, you can follow up by using the
‘Get-SPOMultiGeoExperience’ cmdlet. Now, let’s dive into some of the typical SharePoint administration activities. First off, each Geo has it’s own SharePoint
Administration Center. Here I am in the European
satellite location. I have all the controls of my Central SharePoint Admin Center, but scoped to my location in Europe. If I click on the Sharing settings, I can also set policies for sites and users’ OneDrives in Europe. One thing to note here. For internal sharing, by default, sharing with everyone is disabled, as it creates a potential
for data oversharing. For external sharing, you can configure specific external partner domains per Geo. For example, by going to Advanced Settings
for External Sharing, I can add a domain. In this case, fabrikamwindmills.com, and establish that as the
only allowed external domain for Europe. It’s that simple. Now, let us switch
gears and take a look at how to manage Taxonomy. Here I am in my Central
Admin Center in the U.S. And I have navigated to
the Taxonomy Term Store. This is the place where I can manage enterprise-wide
taxonomy beta data. Any terms that I apply here, will trickle down to all
my satellite locations. And notice, no customizations are required. Like Taxonomy, search configuration
requires no customizations. When users search for content, so long as they have permissions, it’s now a lot easier to serve up search results
from across the Geos. Here I am logged in as Adriana, an European user in the
SharePoint Home experience which is the single place for
all things SharePoint sites in the organization. I will search for the term ‘energy.’ As you can see, in the search results, Files, Sites, People and News, from across the Geos, in
my enterprise, are shown. And you can see that the
search results are served up based on the content relevance, regardless of where the content resides. Notice too, that the URL for this
SharePoint Home experience is served from Europe location, which is where I am located. Your search indexes along
with your content still reside where they need to, at the Geo level. But, the content is more discoverable now. Now, let me switch gears, showing what happens when
you create a new site. I’m going to click, ‘Create site.’ Select Team site template. And pick a name. Here Solar Panels in Europe. And you notice that because I’m in Europe, this site will be located in Europe and subject to European policies. To take it one step further, I can make any site
powered off my hub site, which resides in North America, using the standard hub
site association process. By doing so, I also get a unified search experience across all the sites
connected to this hub, regardless of where a
given site may reside. I can see the results and view the content that I have permission to. It just works. Lastly, let’s look at
the sharing experience. I’m going to share a document with Bob, who is an external partner
from Fabrikam Windmills, which is one of the domains
that we allowed earlier. I will click Send. And you can see, it just went through without any issues. Now, let’s try to share the same document with a user from an unauthorized domain. You will see I am stopped. Which is a result of the sharing policy that was set for European content. One more thing I want to show you, is what happens when a site
moves to a different Geo. For example, from Europe to the U.S. Bob received this email
prior to a site move. If I hover over
CarbonGlass, the site name, the link points to a site in Europe. But the site has already
been moved to the U.S. So let’s see what happens
when I click on the link. You will see that the link persists and if you look at the address bar, you will see that the link redirects to the site’s
new location in the U.S. As an admin, triggering a site move is
pretty straightforward too. As a global admin, I can use the new
SharePoint Powershell module and the new cmdlet
‘Start-SPOSiteContentMove’ specifying the sole site URL and the destination
data location parameters to trigger the site move. Optionally, if you want
to schedule the move, at a specific time such as the weekend, then you can add the additional parameter, PreferredMoveBeginDate. It’s that simple. Now, even if a syncline has been set up for this site content, it will automatically get
relinked to the new location. No user action is required. And Bookmarks and Favorite
Links will persist. And a few more things I want to point out. First, all Multi-Geo activities
are logged and audited for future review. Second, you can review and
manage all security settings in the Security Center, and compliance policies
in the Compliance Center. Third, eDiscovery management
can be done on a per-Geo basis. And lastly, coder for SharePoint sites is managed automatically as the global control
across our entire tenant. And you can also set a specific
code on limits per Geo. So, that was a quick walkthrough of the Multi-Geo capabilities
in SharePoint Online. SharePoint Online and Groups Multi-Geo is generally available now. To learn more, check out the link shown and contact your Microsoft accounting. Thanks for watching.

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